Macular Degeneration Treatment
Macular degeneration is also known as age-related macular degeneration or AMD for short. It is an eye disease that millions of Americans suffer from and is the number one cause of permanent vision problems for those over 60. Early detection and treatment are imperative in slowing the progression of the disease. If you’ve been diagnosed with AMD or suspect you have it, contact our team at Eye Specialists of Illinois in Park Ridge.
Causes of AMD
AMD can occur for various reasons, although age is considered one of the most critical factors. Gender also seems to play a role, as it is more present in women than in men. Other potential factors include:
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Lack of being active
Macular degeneration often presents itself through trouble with the central vision, specifically shadowy areas, or vision that is fuzzier or more distorted than usual. Poor lighting makes it worse, and AMD sufferers are often more sensitive to glare than others. Some patients also report that words appear wavy.
Types of Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration presents in two types: wet and dry.
Wet Macular Degeneration
Wet AMD only accounts for 10 – 20 percent of all AMD cases and it is the more serious type. It involves blood vessels in the retina leaking, which may move to the back of the eye. Wet AMD causes more intense vision loss, and it is typically not noticed until it is already severe.
Dry Macular Degeneration
Dry AMD accounts for up to 90 percent of all AMD cases. It occurs when proteins accumulate above the eye’s cells and slowly cause vision loss.
Treatment for Macular Degeneration
Unfortunately, there is no cure for dry AMD, but there are ways to slow it. For instance, supplements like copper, lutein, vitamins E and C, and zinc can help in some cases. You should always check with your eye doctor before starting supplements to be sure you are taking the right ones with the correct dose.
Unlike dry AMD, there are several potential treatments available for wet AMD, some of which include:
- Laser surgery
- Low vision aids, such as special lenses
- Anti-angiogenesis drugs
- Submacular surgery
- Retinal translocation
These treatments help address abnormal blood vessels in the eye and prevent the creation of new leaky blood vessels. There are also specialized lenses and other vision aids that can help you see better. Your eye doctor or eye surgeon can determine the best course of action to preserve your vision.
Make An Appointment With Our Eye Doctors in Park Ridge, IL
One of the best methods of prevention and treatment of AMD is early detection. If you are experiencing vision problems and looking for an ophthalmologist or eye doctor around Park Ridge, call Eye Specialists of Illinois today at (847) 823-2127.